Mochtar Lubis (Padang, West Sumatra, March 7, 1922–Jakarta, July 2, 2004) wrote short stories, novels, essays and journalism. He also painted. He was one of the founders of Antara news agency; he founded Indonesia Raya daily newspaper and the literary magazine Horison. He was the President of the Press Foundation of Asia, a member of the board of directors of the International Association for Cultural Freedom and a member of the World Futures Studies Federation. He also founded the book publisher Obor Indonesia Foundation. His novels are Jalan Tak Ada Ujung (1952), Tanah Gersang (1966), Senja di Jakarta (1970), Harimau! Harimau! (1975) and Maut dan Cinta (1977); his collections of short stories are Perempuan (1956), Kuli Kontrak (1982) and Bromocorah (1983). The journal entries that he wrote when he was imprisoned by the Sukarno government were compiled and published in Catatan Subversif (1980); the texts of his lectures at Taman Ismail Marzuki in 1977 were published in Manusia Indonesia. He received several awards for art and literature, including an award from Kisah magazine for the short story “Musim Gugur” (1953); the National Literature Award from Consultative Council on the National Culture (BMKN, 1955–1956) for Perempuan; the Magsaysay Award from the Philippines (1966); an award from the Buku Utama Foundationa for the novel Harimau! Harimau! (1975); the Jaya Raya Foundation Award for Literature for the novel Maut dan Cinta (1979); and the Chairil Anwar Award for Literature (1992).