Hoesin Bafagih (ca. 1900–1958), a writer of Arab descent, devoted himself to the cause of equal rights for the country’s Arab minority and its integration into Indonesian society. He was active in several Arab organizations and wrote for the journals Zaman Baroe and Al-Mahdjar. In 1934 he helped to found the Union of Indonesian Arabs (Persatoean Arab Indonesia/PAI), whose members pledged to consider Indonesia their homeland. He regularly contributed articles to the PAI journal Insaf and in 1938 he became editor-in-chief of Aliran Baroe, a monthly known for its progressive views. He was also a successful playwright and director.